What is a valid contract?
In Quebec, a contract is an agreement between at least two people, which is intended to be legally binding. Generally, in order for a contract to be valid, the contract and its formation process must respect the following fundamental principles: (1) each party must have consented willfully to the contract; (2) each party must have acted in good faith during the negotiations leading up to the contract and the effects to each party created in the contract must not be unreasonably excessive; and (3) the contract must not violate a rule of public order.
Copyright collectives are associations that administer the rights of copyright owners. Owners authorise societies to issue licences for the use of their works and collect royalties on their behalf. Copyright owners register their works with a collective, which then collects a fee each time a registered work is licensed and pays a royalty back to the copyright owner.
While Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted to the creator of an original work which may include the right to copy, distribute and adapt that work, copyleft is the practice of making a creation free in addition to requiring all modifications to be free as well. Adherents of copyleft feel that the general public’s interests would be better served without tight restrictions over the use of works.
How is a work defined within the meaning of the Copyright act?
A work is an original creation expressed in a tangible form that can be perceived by the senses and likely to be produced or reproduced, in part or in whole. If I have an idea and I want to create a work based on that idea, I must give it shape, which means that I must set it either in writing, through images, through sounds or by any other form or shape.